Fenugreek seed is the ripe fruit of an annual herb. This robust herb has light green leaves,-is 30-60 cm tall and produces slender, beaked pods, 10-15 cm long, each pod contains 10-20 small hard yellowish brown seeds, which are smooth and oblong, about 3mm long, each-grooved across one corner, giving them a hooked appearance. Fenugreek is a native of South-Eastern Europe and West Asia, now cultivated in India, Argentina, Egypt and Mediterranean-countries (Southern France, Morocco and Lebanon). In India it is grown extensively in-Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and Punjab. It is a cold-season crop and is fairly tolerant to frost and very low temperature. It is best suited to-tracts of moderate to low rainfall and is sown in all types of soil but perform better in-loam and clayey loam with proper drainage. It can also be grown on black cotton-soils. Growing sesame is during October and February and is grown in Gujarat, Rajasthan,-Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. The major importers of Indian fenugreek are Saudi Arabia,-Japan, Malaysia, USA, The UK, Singapore and Sri Lanka.